Appling the principles and specific objectives of metabolic energy green power food based eco-bio-economy, according ecozona Cezieni, Olt County

Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I
Written by Viorel DANACU, Alexandru T. BOGDAN, Valerica DANACU, Florea George TOBĂ

Green Power Sustainable Food and Euro-Atlantic Romania, integrated and globalized, based on eco-bio-economy, represents a new direction of development that should mark the transition to a new sustainable social market economy, a smarter, greener economy , in which our prosperity is due to innovation, better use of resources and the knowledge to be a key factor. They are also the principles underlying the EU Strategy 2020 and the European bioeconomical Strategy 2030, developed in Germany through which the European Union aims to accelerate progress towards a knowledge economy, but an environmentally friendly economy. Metabolic energy as specific form of nutritional energy by externalizing the productive potential of feed is running photosynthesis so a specific form of solar enrgie obviously fall in global concept of'' green power''.We believe that Sustainable Food Green Power as a new original concept launched in the Postdoctoral School, is based entirely on complex use of various forms of green energy (solar, wind, hydropower, geothermal energy, etc..), And how to meet specific food production based on eco-bio-social and rural economy (according to the strategies of social inclusion objective of the Lisbon 2030) is actually a confirmation of theoretical and practical aspects and analytical synthesis that the authors have found the-over the years the scientific organization (management) and recovery (marketing) and sometimes record high yields recorded continuously for agro-pedo­climatic conditions of ecozona Cezieni Olt County.

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V. Danacu, Bogdan A. T., Danacu V., Tobă F. G., 2012, Appling the principles and specific objectives of metabolic energy green power food based eco-bio-economy, according ecozona Cezieni, Olt County. Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I, ISSN-L 2285-6064, 47-50.

 

Characteristics regarding natural potential of Bihor County for rural development

Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I
Written by Neculai DOGARU, Elena CONSTANTIN

The subject of this paper is estimate of natural potential in Bihor caunty for establish the possibilitys for rural sustainable development and for determining restricting natural factors who to manifest over rural activities.

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N. Dogaru, Constantin E., 2012, Characteristics regarding natural potential of Bihor County for rural development. Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I, ISSN-L 2285-6064, 51-54.

 

Contributions regarding rural sustainable development in Urlați area through elaboration local Agenda 21

Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I
Written by Leontin VIŞINESCU BRÎNZEA, Elena CONSTANTIN

The subject of this paper is presentation of the role played, some of the local collectivities involved themselves into the elaboration and application of a participative measure, aiming at elaborating an ample program of sustainable development, compared to the Local Agenda 21.

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Vişinescu Brînzea L., Constantin E., 2012, Contributions regarding rural sustainable development in Urlați area through elaboration local Agenda 21. Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I, ISSN-L 2285-6064, 55-58.

 

Current and future status of stands’ regeneration through afforestation

Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I
Written by Mihai DAIA, Constantin ROŞU, Gheorghe PÂRNUŢĂ, Marin TUDOROIU

The stands’ regeneration through afforestation does not represent the main modality for insuring the stands’ regeneration, but it is used where the natural regeneration cannot be assured, and when the forests are extend or reintroduced. It may be appreciated that nowadays, the stand’s status is mainly influenced by the climatic, pedo­hydrological and anthropical factors .In this context, we may witness the process of devitalization and trees’ abnormal drying, especially in the arid areas of the country, respectively in the steppe and forest steppe regions, also in Danube meadow regions, in plane and other hilly territories, mainly during dry and extremely dry years. Statistics regarding the beating-up works and rehabilitation of affected plantations within the plantations realized between 2001-2010 by RNP-Romsilva reveal that there were established on a total surface ranged between 5621 and 9239 ha, and 18-25% were damaged and had to be remade. Concerning the supplying of forest reproductive materials, it may be mentioned that during 2001-2011 the seed stand and the seed orchard surfaces decreased, but the seed stands surface for the main scattered and other noble hard wood species increased. The ecological rehabilitation of the degraded forest is necessary and should be realized by promoting species more resistant to more and more dryer site conditions from forest steppe the plane forest and by extension of surfaces covered by Norway spruce in sub alpine region, Stone pine and Mountain pine in the alpine region. Related to the afforestation realized within the state owned forests, it may be noted that they were made in accordance with technical guidelines using the best genetically improved forest reproductive materials, with adapted provenances/ species in different site conditions. We consider that it is mandatory to update the technical guidelines in order to include a more intensive afforestation and forest management processes, conditions that are necessary for obtaining more stable and higher quality stands.

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Daia M., Roşu C., Pârnuţă G., Tudoroiu M., 2012, Current and future status of stands’ regeneration through afforestation. Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I, ISSN-L 2285-6064, 9-15.

 

Efficiency strategy for an agricultural farm based on the amount of water available for irrigation

Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I
Written by Nicoleta SÂRBU, Augustina TRONAC

Based on the soil-water-plant relationship and water balance in a river basin, this paper aims to propose a model for maximizing the use of farm resources, based on the amount of water available for irrigation in a reservoir, as established by the operating regulation. For this purpose, we have usde an information system that allows finding out the situation in real time and becomes a tool to support management decision in the agricultural association.

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Sârbu S., Tronac A., 2012, Efficiency strategy for an agricultural farm based on the amount of water available for irrigation. Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I, ISSN-L 2285-6064, 79-84.

 

Evaluation of water quality in lakes from Bucharest

Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I
Written by Gina SCĂEŢEANU, Mali Sanda MANOLE, Mala-Maria STAVRESCU-BEDIVAN, Aurelian PENESCU, Maria PELE

The aims of the present study conducted during May and June of 2012 were to investigate the microbiological level of pollution of some lakes from Bucharest and to determine the concentration of nutrients in order to evaluate the pollution degree. Results indicated that the level of nitrogen species and phosphate pose no danger meanwhile the pH values of the water samples revealed a slightly alkaline reaction. The variety and complexity of water composition is defined not only by the variety of the chemical species but also by the different forms and concentrations of each of them. Microbiological analyses indicated the presence of fungal strains and yeasts.

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Scăeţeanu G., Manole M.S., Stavrescu-Bedivan M. M., Penescu A., Pele M., 2012, Evaluation of water quality in lakes from Bucharest. Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I, ISSN-L 2285-6064, 113-116.

 

Greening surface in order of sustainable development and environmental protection in urban areas

Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I
Written by Marijana JOVANOVIĆ, Bojana BEKIĆ, Lana NASTIĆ

In this paper will be covered the previous works on the preservation of the environment of city urban areas, which can mobilize resources of urban agriculture. The need for creating favorable environment for human life in the last decade become a key issue, ie. how to repair the problems of environmental pollution from the products of human activity, and how to change the an awareness of such a lifestyle. The reduction of green areas, with a disproportionate increase in the number transport vehicles and pollution from agriculture and other economic activities, inducing specific "urban" environment. Its characteristics condition the temperature rise of 2-6 degrees of cities, increased concentration of pollutants harmful to human health, as well as the disappearance of plant species typical for the locality. In order to increase the surface area covered with vegetation, and in accordance with horticultural principles, characteristics can be used for special purpose lawn. The lawn is an integral part of bio-gases, which fully reflects, by combining vegetables, flowers and ornamental trees. It is therefore important to know the possibilities for utilization of grass species, as well as respect for the calendar works entering the lawn and measure their recovery in order to get the desired results. In this way will be possible to integrate the point of production from the standpoint of environmental protection. With respect to the concept of urban and peri-urban agriculture, with food production in urban conditions, together with landscaping of public and private property there will be favorable conditions for sustainable development of rural and urban areas.

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Jovanović M., Bekić B., Nastić L., 2012, Greening surface in order of sustainable development and environmental protection in urban areas. Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I, ISSN-L 2285-6064, 28-33.

 

Life protection and earthquake preparedness in urban and rural settlements

Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I
Written by Emil-Sever GEORGESCU, Daniela DOBRE, Claudiu-Sorin DRAGOMIR

In seismic areas, present and future generations may suffer because of vulnerable built heritage. Security of life in large and densely populated urban settlements involving protection against multiple hazards/threats of the system depends of exposed elements such as buildings or landscape elements and utility networks, social and economic functions, and population. In rural settlements risks can be different with a higher contribution of natural environmental factors: slopes, areas with high level of groundwate etc. This article will present: - Factors depending of seismic risk, in conjunction with sociology, individual and collective psychology, risk perception and social behavior of human community, government and emergency management; - Seismic education programs in the past 20 years, knowledge and the actions needed to behave rationally and effectively, to deal with rumors, panic, to prevent disasters and survive, strengthen and restore buildings and places and life after seismic events with negative effects; - A new concept and applications offered through the Centre for information, education and training of the population; The new approaches take into account the need to use reliable earthquake engineering researchers of URBAN-INCERC, INCERC Bucharest Branch, for training, to identify the gaps in present public information and to cover all age and professional categories of population and public servants, to teach them practical approaches to protect and cope with disaster impact.

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Georgescu E. S., Dobre D., Dragomir C. S., 2012, Life protection and earthquake preparedness in urban and rural settlements. Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I, ISSN-L 2285-6064, 61-65.

 

Livestock biodiversity good practice in socio-economic ecozona Cezieni in the ecobioeconomic context of food safety and security

Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I
Written by Viorel DANACU, Alexandru T. BOGDAN, Valerica DANACU, Florea George TOBA

In science and agriculture technique in Europe was convincingly demonstrated and validated the development, presentation and implementation of best practices specific sectoral areas effectively and decisively contribute to sustainable rural development.On the concept of eco-economy launched in the '90s and bio-economic paradigm (launched by Nicholas Georgescu Roegen in the '70s and '80s), Postdoctoral School of Biodiversity in Livestock, ecobioeconomic context of Alimentary Safety and Security, is essentially the proper quantity and quality aspect of the planet's population needs food by definite orientation of the entire world economy, primarily to ensure quality of life, that the ''bios''.In combination these findings significant in terms of their socio-economic indisputable time in space and time, Animal biodiversity best practices in ecozona Cezieni, Olt County, demonstrates the variety of species, breeds and hybrids of farm animals increased over the years at CAP Cezieni, reference unit and model scientific organization of production, together with variety assortment of meat products, milk, eggs, and honey obtained, processed and exploited under certain conditions economic and social efficiency, fully demonstrates the validity of the concept on animal husbandry technologies of Romanian agriculture.

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Danacu V., Bogdan A.T., Danacu V., Toba F. G., 2012, Livestock biodiversity good practice in socio-economic ecozona Cezieni in the ecobioeconomic context of food safety and security. Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I, ISSN-L 2285-6064, 41-46.

 

New concept and solutions for post-seismic assessment and strengthening of buildings

Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I
Written by Claudiu-Sorin DRAGOMIR, Claudiu-Lucian MATEI, Daniela DOBRE, Emil-Sever GEORGESCU

Due to the time evolution of the design provisions, there are buildings that were designed decades ago, using less stringent provisions. Thus, when the earthquake is produced, there are many cases where the buildings are badly damaged. Structural engineering is closely related to parameters such as acceleration, velocity, displacements, and spectral composition, therefore, with the widespread use of strong motions apparatus, in the ‘70s they started seismic instrumentation with help of seismic stations located in the buildings, dams and bridges. According to the modern approach of the post-seismic investigation the damage building assessment should be clearly foreseen and properly planned in order to obtain dynamic parameters for the analysis. The objectives of the paper are to present both a new concept for building performances assessment and a modern solution for building strengthening. All the aforementioned ideas are illustrated through a study case. The dynamic parameter evolution of 3D model of reinforced concrete at natural scale it will be analysed. In case of masonry panels inserted in reinforced concrete frames a modern and efficient solution is panel strengthened with Carbon Fibers as fabrics and plates. Therefore, the researches on the strengthening solution effectiveness of masonry walls are presented. Experiments on a large scale of modular elements of masonry buildings, tested and strengthened with CF were carried out in Research and Testing Laboratory on Materials, Components and Structures for Buildings - INCERC at universal press 4MN, submitted them to compression on diagonal direction. The results were demonstrated that the application of CF on the masonry panels is efficient, but to optimize costs it is necessary to review the size and disposal of plates used.

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Dragomir C. S., Matei C. L., Dobre D., Georgescu E. S., 2012, New concept and solutions for post-seismic assessment and strengthening of buildings. Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I, ISSN-L 2285-6064, 20-27.

 


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