ISSN 2285-6064, ISSN CD-ROM 2285-6072, ISSN-L 2285-6064, Online ISSN 2393-5138
 

Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I
Written by Leontin VIŞINESCU BRÎNZEA, Elena CONSTANTIN

The subject of this paper is presentation of the role played, some of the local collectivities involved themselves into the elaboration and application of a participative measure, aiming at elaborating an ample program of sustainable development, compared to the Local Agenda 21.

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{tag}meta name="citation_title" content="Contributions regarding rural sustainable development in Urlați area through elaboration local Agenda 21"{/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_journal_title" content="Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering"{/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_publication_date" content="2012"{/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_author" content="Leontin VIŞINESCU BRÎNZEA" {/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_author" content=" Elena CONSTANTIN" {/tag} 

Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I
Written by Mihai DAIA, Constantin ROŞU, Gheorghe PÂRNUŢĂ, Marin TUDOROIU

The stands’ regeneration through afforestation does not represent the main modality for insuring the stands’ regeneration, but it is used where the natural regeneration cannot be assured, and when the forests are extend or reintroduced. It may be appreciated that nowadays, the stand’s status is mainly influenced by the climatic, pedo­hydrological and anthropical factors .In this context, we may witness the process of devitalization and trees’ abnormal drying, especially in the arid areas of the country, respectively in the steppe and forest steppe regions, also in Danube meadow regions, in plane and other hilly territories, mainly during dry and extremely dry years. Statistics regarding the beating-up works and rehabilitation of affected plantations within the plantations realized between 2001-2010 by RNP-Romsilva reveal that there were established on a total surface ranged between 5621 and 9239 ha, and 18-25% were damaged and had to be remade. Concerning the supplying of forest reproductive materials, it may be mentioned that during 2001-2011 the seed stand and the seed orchard surfaces decreased, but the seed stands surface for the main scattered and other noble hard wood species increased. The ecological rehabilitation of the degraded forest is necessary and should be realized by promoting species more resistant to more and more dryer site conditions from forest steppe the plane forest and by extension of surfaces covered by Norway spruce in sub alpine region, Stone pine and Mountain pine in the alpine region. Related to the afforestation realized within the state owned forests, it may be noted that they were made in accordance with technical guidelines using the best genetically improved forest reproductive materials, with adapted provenances/ species in different site conditions. We consider that it is mandatory to update the technical guidelines in order to include a more intensive afforestation and forest management processes, conditions that are necessary for obtaining more stable and higher quality stands.

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{tag}meta name="citation_title" content="Current and future status of stands’ regeneration through afforestation"{/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_journal_title" content="Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering"{/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_publication_date" content="2012"{/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_author" content="Mihai DAIA" {/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_author" content=" Constantin ROŞU" {/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_author" content=" Gheorghe PÂRNUŢĂ" {/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_author" content=" Marin TUDOROIU" {/tag} 

Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation, Earth Observation & Surveying, Environmental Engineering, Vol. VII
Written by Octavian Grigore STOICA, Valer MICLE, Ioana Monica SUR

The current paper presents the method that designs, manufactures and tests antimony based pH sensor used for monitoring of soil pH. In the first stage of this work the method of manufacturing the sensitive antimony elements is presented. These sensitive elements are casted into different forms (conical and cylindrical). These are subjected to a series of analysis in order to determine the chemical composition of the material used 99.73% Sb, 0.27% Ti (EDX), the morphology of the structure (SEM) and the characteristics of the oxide layer (XRD). The second part of this paper explains the method of testing the manufactured antimony sensors in the reference pH solutions. Finally, the sensors are used for measurements and are tested, alternatively, in pairs, with a reference Ag/AgCl sensors found in commerce. The results of these measurements show values approximately identical at both manufactured sensors. The adapted sensor that was obtained shows a relatively fast and stable response to pH changes in aqueous solutions. Its potential has a linear relation with pH solutions and a slope of 50.95 mV/pH.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation, Earth Observation & Surveying, Environmental Engineering, Vol. VII
Written by Hakan KAVUR, Ozan ARTUN

We aimed to calculate the incidence and prevalence values of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) between 2009-2014 for all the districts of Adana and also to produce the maps by using Geographical Information Systems (GIS) via incidence and prevalence to show the distribution of the disease. After geographic correction, the borders of Adana were drawn using by ARCMAP 10.2. (ARCMAP; Esri, New York, United States of America) In order to make independent interpretations for all districts, boundaries were divided into separate layers. Prevalence and incidence between 2009-2014 were entered into the GIS database and interpreted. Our maps were created with the geographically corrected cartographic map and a database were evaluated based on the aim of the study. Although Kozan was the district where the most reported case of CL was seen (23.14%), the highest prevalence (0.345%) and incidence (0.1761‰) were detected in the province of Imamoglu in 2011. However, it has been found that the incidence and prevalence of CL tend to increase in regions where Syrian refugees lived. Creating maps based on the prevalence and incidence of CL commonly seen in the Eastern Mediterranean and especially in Adana, will have an important role in improving the measures to be taken against the disease.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation, Earth Observation & Surveying, Environmental Engineering, Vol. VII
Written by Mehmet Kerim GULLAP, Halil İbrahim ERKOVAN, Ali KOC

The effect of grazers on vegetation and soil properties changes depending on their foraging behaviour and hoof pressure. In general, cattle prefer grasses while sheep prefer considerably forbs and goat skilfully browse during feeding. These differences in feeding preferences herbivore effects species composition and consequently alter vegetation structure on the area. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of single cattle herd and cattle+sheep herds grazing on vegetation composition and soil properties in highlands rangelands. For this aim, four rangeland sites in two locations were selected two site in each location grazed with single cattle herds and the other sites have been grazed with cattle + sheep mixing herds for least 20 years. To compare the effect of grazer differences on vegetation and soil properties, redundancy analysis (RDA) was chosen as the most appropriate constrained ordination technique. Species data were transformed to provide have normality of data. Statistical tests of the significance of the relationship soil properties used Monte Carlo permutation test within CANOCO. Species distribution in the vegetation and some soil properties such clay, silt, sand, organic matter, pH, P, CaCO3, showed a significant correlation related to herd type. These results indicated that animal types have an important role on distribution of plant species and soil properties in the highland short grass steppe rangelands. It can be suggested that cattle and sheep are grazed together to enhance biological diversity and sustainable use of highland short grass steppe rangelands.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation, Earth Observation & Surveying, Environmental Engineering, Vol. VII
Written by Elena PERDUM, Emilia VISILEANU, Iuliana DUMITRESCU, Elena-Cornelia MITRAN, Ovidiu-George IORDACHE

Chemicals safety control and eco-properties have become a priority for the textile industry to avoid the negative effects on humans and environment. The European regulations limit the presence of 24 listed carcinogenic aromatic amines by 30 mg/kg of textile material. The paper aims to present a comparison between different parameters of procedures for the extraction, reduction and purification of the amines obtained by the reductive cleavage of azo dyes in order to choose the optimal method. In order to test the amine extracts obtained, the 8-point calibration curve was performed for the mixture of the 24 standard amines and the solutions obtained from the extraction of the dyestuffs from the textile samples were analysed. Their testing was performed by liquid chromatography and the results were confirmed by the gas chromatography method.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation, Earth Observation & Surveying, Environmental Engineering, Vol. VII
Written by Georgi KOMITOV, Ivan IVANOV, Dimitar KEHAYOV

One of the ways to reduce the pollution of nature is to increase the share of "green" alternative energy and more efficient technologies in the field of its extraction and using in the household as heating. The application of the best technology, available from industry, can substantially reduce the generated waste and significantly improve its recycling or utilization. In this article, with the creation of the digital model is shown correlations in terms of more rational use of different types of "green energy" from RES. The main idea in the application of various types of renewable energy is the opportunity to reduce greenhouse emissions and their generation.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I
Written by Nicoleta SÂRBU, Augustina TRONAC

Based on the soil-water-plant relationship and water balance in a river basin, this paper aims to propose a model for maximizing the use of farm resources, based on the amount of water available for irrigation in a reservoir, as established by the operating regulation. For this purpose, we have usde an information system that allows finding out the situation in real time and becomes a tool to support management decision in the agricultural association.

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{tag}meta name="citation_title" content="Efficiency strategy for an agricultural farm based on the amount of water available for irrigation"{/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_journal_title" content="Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering"{/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_publication_date" content="2012"{/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_author" content="Nicoleta SÂRBU" {/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_author" content=" Augustina TRONAC" {/tag} 

Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I
Written by Gina SCĂEŢEANU, Mali Sanda MANOLE, Mala-Maria STAVRESCU-BEDIVAN, Aurelian PENESCU, Maria PELE

The aims of the present study conducted during May and June of 2012 were to investigate the microbiological level of pollution of some lakes from Bucharest and to determine the concentration of nutrients in order to evaluate the pollution degree. Results indicated that the level of nitrogen species and phosphate pose no danger meanwhile the pH values of the water samples revealed a slightly alkaline reaction. The variety and complexity of water composition is defined not only by the variety of the chemical species but also by the different forms and concentrations of each of them. Microbiological analyses indicated the presence of fungal strains and yeasts.

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{tag}meta name="citation_title" content="Evaluation of water quality in lakes from Bucharest"{/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_journal_title" content="Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering"{/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_publication_date" content="2012"{/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_author" content="Gina SCĂEŢEANU" {/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_author" content=" Mali Sanda MANOLE" {/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_author" content=" Mala-Maria STAVRESCU-BEDIVAN" {/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_author" content=" Aurelian PENESCU" {/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_author" content=" Maria PELE" {/tag} 

Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation, Earth Observation & Surveying, Environmental Engineering, Vol. VII
Written by Crina-Adriana DRAGANESCU, Liliana GURAN

The Rovinari Thermal Power Plant is one of the electricity suppliers of Oltenia (together with Turceni Thermal Power Plant, Craiova Thermal Power Plant) covering one third of the national electricity production. The aim of this paper is to determine practically, by drilling, the physical and mechanical characteristics of the soil in the area of Rovinari Thermal Power Plant. The paper is intended to be an introduction to a broader study on the influence of mining lignite quarries in the Rovinari mining basin on the stability of the buildings in the Rovinari thermal power plant and its coal and slag-ash deposits. This stability depends on the safe functioning of the thermal power plant throughout its lifetime.

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