ISSN 2285-6064, ISSN CD-ROM 2285-6072, ISSN-L 2285-6064, Online ISSN 2393-5138
 

Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering, Vol. I
Written by Camelia SLAVE, Carmen Man, Anca Laura Rotman

Increased vulnerability of human society to natural hazards is not so much due to a change in the way phenomena manifest, but also to anthropogenic causes, which require more than ever, a pertinent analysis of risk factors and constant involvement of specialists in all fields activity in reducing the negative effects they may cause to people, to the infrastructure or to environmental factors. Safety of structures is one of the main performance requirements for buildings. Expressed in a quality-like manner, this requirement must be completed with quantitative factors.

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{tag}meta name="citation_title" content="Seismic risk assessment of Faculty of Land Reclamation and Enviromental Engineering - Bucharest"{/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_journal_title" content="Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation Earth Observation & Surveying, Environment Engineering"{/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_publication_date" content="2012"{/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_author" content="Camelia SLAVE" {/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_author" content=" Carmen Man" {/tag} {tag}meta name="citation_author" content=" Anca Laura Rotman" {/tag} 

Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation, Earth Observation & Surveying, Environmental Engineering, Vol. VII
Written by Delia DIMITRIU, Dumitru MOLDOVAN, Petru Stefan RUNCAN, Raluca CALAUZ

This paper aims to present a solution for the fragmented agricultural land in the rural area of Romania, involving farmers and local authorities from different villages. The need to set up local associations for everybody’s benefit is further explored, based on the outcome of the EC Project ITAKA, of which Romanian organisations were partners. A framework is proposed, SEIA (Socio-Economic Impact Assessment), to investigate the social aspects and economic impacts associated with Camelina feedstock production. The selected feedstock is linked to the aviation biofuel production, thus a strong argument for economic diversity and prosperity. An understanding of local culture was essential when recording community perception relating to Camelina investment and production in a particular area from Cluj County. The SEIA used in Romania was structured primarily around development and economic factors: land ownership and use, levels of agricultural mechanisation, the size of the available workforce, existing infrastructure and level of taxes raised. Social aspects linked to quality of life, incorporated into the 'people development’ category, included increased employment and lower social costs, better education and health, a cleaner environment. A different feedstock of economic interest may be considered, but the main objective is to find proper solutions for a fertile, but uncultivated land in Romania’s rural area.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation, Earth Observation & Surveying, Environmental Engineering, Vol. VII
Written by Ion ONUTU, Mihaela TITA

Crude oil, petroleum fuel and oil products represent most environmental contaminant of soil and the common sources of these products are motor fuel station underground storage tanks, home and commercial heating oil storage tanks, fuel distribution centers, refineries, crude oil production sites, and accidental spills. The main target of this paper is the study of the critical soil pollutants in a Romanian refinery area where soil pollution with petroleum products is one of the main sources of soil contamination. The methodology of study is measuring and monitoring of the pollutants and codify soil pollution profile. The chemical analysis of the crude oil-contaminated site included different groups of contaminants: PAHs, BTEX compounds, and heavy metals determined in the soil samples from the investigated area. The analytical procedure to measure petroleum contaminants and the heavy metal concentrations was performed according to standard methods in force: SR ISO 13877:1999, ISO 22155:2011 SR ISO 11047:1999 and ISO 20280:2007, and with the appropriate equipment. The results are shown that there is a plenty of pollutants in the critical situation and higher than standard.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation, Earth Observation & Surveying, Environmental Engineering, Vol. VII
Written by Zuzana BÍLKOVÁ, Karel HRICH, Jitka MALÁ, Kateřina SCHRIMPELOVÁ, Michal KRIŠKA-DUNAJSKÝ

Denitrifying bioreactors are a useful passive treatment technology for the removal of nitrates from agricultural runoff. The start-up phase is the most critical period of their operation. In this phase, denitrification rates gradually increase and organic compounds, which are necessary for denitrification, are released from the bioreactor fill media in excessive amounts. The aim of our study was to evaluate the start-up phase of laboratory denitrifying bioreactors filled with six wood-based materials. The effluent quality of all bioreactors achieved a steady state after max. 9 weeks. The denitrification rates at the end of this period ranged from 0.16 to 5.8 g/m3/d. Initial outlet chemical oxygen demand and biochemical oxygen demand leaching rates, which were in the hundreds and tenths of g/m3/d, respectively, decreased below 55 and 30 g/m3/d, respectively. Based on the results reported both for the leaching of organic compounds and the removal of nitrates, poplar seems to be the most suitable denitrifying bioreactor fill medium out of all the tested materials.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation, Earth Observation & Surveying, Environmental Engineering, Vol. VII
Written by Amalia Maria SESCU, Lidia FAVIER, Gabriela CIOBANU, Sorin Mihai CIMPEANU, Razvan Ionut TEODORESCU, Maria HARJA

Water has the most importance to human life, but the quality is very important. Due to rapid development of industrial activities, it has been contaminated with many organic compounds, which is a great concern for environmental quality and human health. Nowadays, the reduction of pollutants in water has attracted a great interest leading to development of Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs), among which TiO2 heterogeneous photocatalysis, as a green and sustainable technology, is one of the most emerging and promising method. TiO2 photocatalyst is known for its excellent ability of degradation and mineralization of organic pollutants. In this work, it was studied the degradation process of Levetiracetam and 2,4,6, trichlorophenol in aqueous solution, by heterogeneous photocatalysis, in the presence of TiO2 Aeroxide® P25, confirming its effectiveness. For Levetiracetam at 150 min degradation was about 80%, while 2,4,6, trichlorophenol was total mineralization.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation, Earth Observation & Surveying, Environmental Engineering, Vol. VII
Written by Irina-Ramona PECINGINA, Roxana-Gabriela POPA

The „Gilort River” Natural protected area lies in Gorj, Getic Subcarpathians in the Ciolanei Depression and is a site of community importance forming part of the Natura 2000 European network. The purpose of „Gilort River” protected area is to protect and conserve important species at national and community level (Lutra lutra, Bombina variegata, Eudontomyzon mariae, Gobio albipinnatus, Barbus meridionalis, Sabanejewia aurata). The paper presents the methodology for assessing the conservation status of mammal’s species of Lutra lutra. There have been carried out evaluations in the field, between Januarys to April 2015, with a frequency of 3-4 per month, applying the multi-criteria method, which was based on the following criteria: local distribution, population, habitat of the species and prospects. Following the evaluation and presentation of the distribution of the Lutra lutra species and of the areas favorable for its protection, it was shown that there were traces of the presence of the otter in the river Gilort, on sandy beaches in inaccessible areas difficult to access, close to areas with greater depth of water, being identified a maximum of two family groups of otters, meaning 7 individuals. The evaluation demonstrated that the conservation status is unfavorable and inadequate.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation, Earth Observation & Surveying, Environmental Engineering, Vol. VII
Written by Marius SABADAS, Marcel DIRJA, Mihai MAXIM

The study aimed the development of the rural environment in Aghiresu area, for a sustainable and inclusive economy, necessary for the ambitious targets of the member states of the European Union. The National Rural Development Program is considering projects to support agricultural practices that protect the environment. Through sustainable agriculture, the natural space is preserved, the landscape is protected, and biodiversity is defended. Identifying future projects, favorable to the Aghiresu area, Cluj County is an important factor for sustainable rural development and environmental protection. Through the active involvement of local authorities and financial support from the European Union, projects that are important for the local community and also for neighboring areas have been developed. Through inadequate farming practices the soil degradation has been increased. Measures for soil protection and restoration by reducing the amount of fertilizers and pesticides have been shown to have beneficial effects on the quality of agri-food products, animal welfare and human health. Agri-environment schemes have been beneficial for the protection of soil resources. Soil improvement and waste treatment measures lead to a healthy environment.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation, Earth Observation & Surveying, Environmental Engineering, Vol. VII
Written by Öner ÇETİN, Neşe ÜZEN

To get an appropriate yield and production for winter wheat, it must be irrigated. Cotton and corn must be almost irrigated in the regions grown. Amount of irrigation water of 4000-4500 m3 ha-1 need for optimum wheat production. More than 50% of the country’s cotton production is in Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey and cotton need amount of irrigation water approximately 10000 m3 ha-1 for an appropriate production using surface irrigation methods. However, the amount of irrigation water of 5 000-6 000 m3 ha-1 is enough if modern irrigation technologies such as drip irrigation are used. Similarly, amount of irrigation water more than 10000 m3 ha-1 has been used for corn production under the surface irrigation conditions and it is possible to save nearly 40-50% of water using drip irrigation method in the same region. One of the most important ways of ensuring sustainability of irrigated agriculture is to use micro irrigation, and it may help in saving significant amount of water and increase the quality and quantity of produce. Thus, it is possible to achieve both higher water productivity and higher yield by means of drip irrigation.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation, Earth Observation & Surveying, Environmental Engineering, Vol. VII
Written by Cristiana SIRBU

The paper aims to present the ways to create a common mechanism to improve the transport systems between Romania and Bulgaria. The aim of is to have a well-connected region between the two countries. The paper will present the key areas, highlighted by simply analysing the flux of the transport, for construction and modernization the routes between Romania and Bulgaria

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series E. Land Reclamation, Earth Observation & Surveying, Environmental Engineering, Vol. VII
Written by Constantin Dragos MOTCO, Simona Gabriela CIOCAN, Daniel BUCUR

This paper aims to identify deforested surfaces in the studied area, fact that determines the intensification of soil erosion process and furthermore it increases the alluvial effluent witch disrupts the functioning of the hydroelectric power plant in the projected parameters. In 1990 the area covered with forest vegetation in the Sihastria watershed was about 147 ha, but due to the clear-cut on the areas that were returned to the right owners, the wooded area was reduced to 100 ha, from which, as a result of excessive cuts on 39 ha the density of the trees is very low. The Sihastria small hydroelectric power plant is located at the confluence of the Sihastria stream with Negrisoara River (25.5253090 eastern longitude and 47.19178470 northern latitude). The hydropower plant constructive elements consist of: intake, desilting tank, fore bay tank, penstock pipe, and power house and tailrace channel. In order to determine the causes that led to the clogging of hydrotechnical constructions, trips were carried out in the analyzed watershed, during the vegetation seasons of the last three years (2015-2017).

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